Control Diabetes: The silent disease affects several parts of the body but can be prevented. Sugar is the number one enemy of diabetes.
“Diabetes is a silent killer disease,” says endocrinologist Shawn Paul. The body adapts when blood sugar levels begin to increase. So there are no symptoms. It is very common for a person to get to the hospital with myocardial infarction without knowing that he is diabetic. It is also not uncommon for a patient to have blindness and to ignore being a common body disease. Nevertheless, between 8% and 10% of Americans have a confirmed diagnosis of diabetes. With the population gaining increasing weight, this percentage tends to increase.
Read And Understand how diabetes works
The disease can be explained as a decrease in sugar metabolism. That is, the cells do not absorb all glucose from food and the concentration of that substance in the blood increases. What harms the entry of sugar into cells is the absence or insufficiency of a hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas. Insulin “opens the door” of the cell to glucose and is released into the body whenever the person feeds. When she eats a lot, for example, the pancreas needs to produce too much insulin and can become overwhelmed. If the person is overweight, the excess fat in the cells impairs the action of the hormone. “Not getting fat is the most important factor of prevention,” explains the specialist.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is more common in children and adolescents. The body stops producing insulin and becomes dependent on injections for the rest of their lives. Doctors are still unaware of the causes of this disease. Type 2 is more common and affects mainly adults over 40 years. The occurrence of diabetes in the family is a high-risk factor, as is the sedentary lifestyle, overweight, and obesity. In that case, the pancreas becomes overloaded and produces insufficient insulin. Therefore, treatment is only possible with medication.
How to prevent
Adopting a healthy lifestyle is key to avoiding the development of the disease. This includes a balanced diet without excess sugar and carbohydrates, at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week and an annual checkup. It is important to be aware of the risk factors: age, obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, history of diabetes or heart disease in the family and diabetes during pregnancy. People over the age of 40 are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. It is therefore essential to seek a doctor and get the tests.
How to control diabetes
Generally until you regularize your blood sugar rate, you need to check your fasting blood sugar before and after each meal. When the rate are regularized, the doctor will tell you about medication and will ask you how many times you should check your blood sugar, it may be necessary to do so only in the morning and afternoon.
To know what should be the blood sugar value, it is necessary to do a blood test that can be done at home with a device called a Blood Sugar Analyzer, which is very important for the health of the diabetic.
To control blood sugar values, the diabetic patient should have few sugars as a diet to maintain and control the sugar level in body as been advised by Dr. Pal also simultaneously should take the medication or insulin according to medical prescription, also has to practice some physical activity, such as walking or swimming.
See which parts of the body suffer from the disease
It is possible to have diabetes without knowing it. Check the main symptoms and complications of the disease so as not to be caught by surprise
The disease can slow the brain down. Diabetes is also one of the factors that cause strokes or stroke.
Renal insufficiency. Excess glucose impairs the ability to filter blood.
The diabetic urinates several times, especially at night. There may be difficulty in eliminating urine. In man, there is also the risk of impotence.
Wounds that do not heal, aches, tingling and decreased sensitivity (the disease damages the nervous system).
Blurry vision. In an advanced stage, diabetes can cause blindness. The disease damages the blood vessels of the region.
Constant and intense thirst, caused by dehydration, and breath with the smell of acetone.
The disease predisposes to hypertension and heart disease. It can cause heart attacks.
Intense hunger and weight loss, because the glucose ingested is not transformed into energy.
They work without energy renewal. This causes persistent fatigue and weakness.