A few weeks ago, a friend of the page consulted us about the recommendation to consume some blue fish suffering from gout . We delve into the subject by analyzing some foods that reduce or increase uric acid .
The uric acid is a derivative of protein metabolism containing foods, especially meats, some vegetables such as legumes, nearly all fish, etc. The uric acid formed in the cells is eliminated mainly with urine and, to a lesser extent, with sweat. If it increases in excess the amount of uric acid present in the blood (hyperglycemia) it accumulates in the joints of greater movement, such as the fingers (especially the big toe), wrists, shoulders, knees or elbows, forming small crystals and producing discomfort and various diseases.
One of the most famous diseases originated is gout, due in most cases to an inadequate diet that occurs more frequently in men, in obese people and in those with family or genetic predecessors.
Foods that reduce uric acid levels
Some foods are very suitable , as it could not be otherwise, if we want to reduce uric acid levels . In general, foods rich in lithium and potassium can be recommended. Among the various food groups can be highlighted.
Fruits: All of them are beneficial but it is usually aimed at cherries as one of the great allies, due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capacity. You also recommend strawberries, watermelon, banana, avocado or red cherries . A good remedy is to take two or three times a day the juice of a ripe tomato .
Diuretic vegetables: Diuretic foods help eliminate uric acid through urine. They are very interesting, for tant or, celery, zucchini, squash, green beans, artichokes, potatoes, carrots or onions . A good and simple remedy can be prepared by cooking some leeks with a celery , a sprig of parsley and a liter of water . We boiled for five minutes, squeezed the liquid and sipped it throughout the day for more than a week.
Eggs: The eggs, despite being rich in amino acids do not contain purines, which are substances present in some proteins that increase the levels of uric acid. The egg does not reduce the levels but it is a food that we can eat without problems even though we have suffered a gout attack.
Chicken: Although strongly protein foods (such as meats or fish) are not advisable, especially in large quantities, if we have low levels of uric acid the chicken is one of the best meats, since it is the lowest purine content incorporates. If possible, it is much more advisable to choose a rustic or ecological chicken than one raised on a chicken farm, for both ethical and health reasons.
Nuts: They do not help to lower the levels of uric acid directly but some are rich in lithium and potassium, they do not contain purines and their composition, rich in essential fatty acids, contribute to reduce the stiffness of the joints and to stop the inflammatory process. Of special interest are nuts , nuts rich in omega 3 fatty acids, and almonds .
Water and juice: It is advisable to drink a lot, up to two liters a day, especially if it is mineral waters rich in lithium. Also interesting are fruit juices (orange, apple) or infusions of plants that stimulate kidney function.
Foods that increase uric acid levels
On the other hand, it is also convenient to dispense with foods that increase uric acid levels, especially those rich in purines , a type of protein that gives rise to uric acid. Among them we can highlight:
Red meat and viscera: Each serving of red meat increases the risk of suffering gout by 20%, especially if an attack has already occurred. The beef, pork, lamb or game are higher in purines. It is also advisable to dispense or reduce to the maximum the consumption of sausages (this recommendation is valid at a general level) or viscera .
Seafood and blue fish: The shellfish have a high purine content. The consumption of seafood and blue fish should be moderated, mainly the one of small dimensions and if we are overweight, both fresh and canned. Sardines and mussels are the ones with the highest purine content, followed by clams, anchovies, herring and tuna. . Mackerel is the fatty fish with the lowest purine content .
Vegetables rich in purines: Although most foods of vegetable origin contain few purines, some of them are not released and it is advisable to limit consumption. For example, it is not advisable to eat legumes more than once a week and reduce as much as possible the rice vegetables in escalates such as spinach, cabbage , cabbage, soybeans, mushrooms, beans or brewer’s yeast .
They are not rich in purines but they do increase uric acid levels in alcoholic beverages . It is necessary to precind, therefore, of them, as well as beer (with or without alcohol) and liquors. Wine, in small doses, is usually allowed but it seems much more sensible to reduce it as much as possible.
As a general recommendation you can conclude with the convenience of avoiding copious and greasy meals , which can trigger a gout attack. Prolonged fasting is also considered harmful.